Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris.July 27, 2017. No. 1202.

Izakigur ha aggiunto una foto al pool:

Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris.July 27, 2017. No. 1202.

Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris.July 27, 2017. No. 1202.

La cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, communément appelée Notre-Dame, est la cathédrale de l’archidiocèse de Paris, située sur l’île de la Cité. Dédiée à la Vierge Marie, elle est pendant de nombreux siècles l’une des cathédrales les plus grandes d’Occident. Longtemps la plus haute construction de la ville, elle est l’un des monuments les plus emblématiques de Paris.

Commencée sous l’impulsion de l’évêque Maurice de Sully, sa construction s’étend sur plus de deux siècles, de 1163 au milieu du xive siècle. Après la Révolution française, la cathédrale bénéficie entre 1844 et 1864 d’une importante restauration, parfois controversée, sous la direction de l’architecte Viollet-le-Duc, qui y incorpore des éléments et des motifs inédits. Pour ces raisons, le style n’est pas d’une uniformité totale : la cathédrale possède des caractères du gothique primitif et du gothique rayonnant. Les deux rosaces, qui ornent chacun des bras du transept, sont parmi les plus grandes d’Europe.<br />

Édifice à la fois religieux et patrimonial, elle est liée à de nombreux épisodes de l’histoire de France. Église paroissiale royale au Moyen Âge, elle accueille l’arrivée de la Sainte Couronne en 1239, puis le sacre de Napoléon Ier en 1804, le baptême du duc de Bordeaux en 1821, ainsi que les funérailles de plusieurs présidents de la République française (Adolphe Thiers, Sadi Carnot, Paul Doumer, Charles de Gaulle, Georges Pompidou, François Mitterrand). C’est aussi sous ses voûtes qu’est chanté un Magnificat lors de la libération de Paris, en 1944. Le 850e anniversaire de sa construction est célébré en 2013.

La cathédrale inspire de nombreuses œuvres artistiques, notamment le roman de Victor Hugo Notre-Dame de Paris paru en 1831 et qui influence en partie son histoire. Au début du xxie siècle, Notre-Dame est visitée chaque année par quelque 13 à 14 millions de personnes. L’édifice, aussi basilique mineure, est ainsi le monument le plus visité en Europe et l’un des plus visités au monde jusqu’en 2019.

Le 15 avril 2019, un violent incendie détruit la flèche et la totalité de la toiture couvrant la nef, le chœur et le transept. Il s’agit du plus important sinistre subi par la cathédrale depuis sa construction."

Notre-Dame de Paris (/ˌnɒtrə ˈdɑːm, ˌnoʊtrə ˈdeɪm, ˌnoʊtrə ˈdɑːm/;[4][5][6] French: [nɔtʁə dam də paʁi] (About this soundlisten); meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), often referred to simply as Notre-Dame,[a] is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the 4th arrondissement of Paris. The cathedral is consecrated to the Virgin Mary and considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture. Its pioneering use of the rib vault and flying buttress, its enormous and colourful rose windows, as well as the naturalism and abundance of its sculptural decoration set it apart from the earlier Romanesque style.[7] Major components that make Notre Dame stand out include one of the world’s largest organs and its immense church bells.[8]

The cathedral’s construction was begun in 1160 under Bishop Maurice de Sully and was largely complete by 1260, though it was modified frequently in the following centuries. In the 1790s, Notre-Dame suffered desecration during the French Revolution; much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. In the 19th century, the cathedral was the site of the coronation of Napoleon I and funerals of many Presidents of the Republic.

Popular interest in the cathedral blossomed soon after the publication, in 1831, of Victor Hugo’s novel Notre-Dame de Paris (better known in English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame). This led to a major restoration project between 1844 and 1864, supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. The liberation of Paris was celebrated within Notre-Dame in 1944 with the singing of the Magnificat. Beginning in 1963, the cathedral’s façade was cleaned of centuries of soot and grime. Another cleaning and restoration project was carried out between 1991 and 2000.[9]

The cathedral is one of the most widely recognized symbols of the city of Paris and the French nation. As the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre-Dame contains the cathedra of the Archbishop of Paris (Michel Aupetit). In 1805, Notre-Dame was given the honorary status of a minor basilica. Approximately 12 million people visit Notre-Dame annually, making it the most visited monument in Paris.[10] The cathedral is renowned for its Lent sermons founded by the famous Dominican Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire in the 1860s. In recent years, an increasing number have been given by leading public figures and state employed academics.

The cathedral has been progressively stripped of its original decoration and works of art. Several noteworthy examples of Gothic, Baroque, and 19th-century sculptures and a group of 17th- and early 18th-century altarpieces remain in the cathedral’s collection. The most important relics in Christendom, including the Crown of Thorns, a sliver of the true cross and a nail from the true cross, are preserved at Notre-Dame. While undergoing renovation and restoration, the roof of Notre-Dame caught fire on the evening of 15 April 2019. Burning for around 15 hours, the cathedral sustained serious damage, including the destruction of the flèche (the timber spire over the crossing) and most of the lead-covered wooden roof above the stone vaulted ceiling.[1]

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